The Honda CG was a single cylinder, four-stroke Naked motorcycle produced by Honda between and Max torque was 7.
Claimed horsepower was It has been in production since and is currently manufactured in Brazil and has been since around It is rarely if ever imported to the US. The engine was a air cooled single cylinder, four-stroke. Fuel was supplied via a overhead valves ohv.
The bike has a 5-speed transmission. Power was moderated via the wet, multiplate with coil springs. It came with a 2. Stopping was achieved via single disc in the front and a expanding brake drum brake in the rear. The front suspension was a 31mm telescopic fork, mm axle travel while the rear was equipped with a dual dampers with 5-step adjustable spring preload, 80mm axle travel.
The CG was fitted with a 3. The bike weighed just The wheelbase was This last change is one of the very few changes that sacrificed functionality in favor of aesthetics. The CG is powered by a very fuel efficient cc single cylinder 4-stroke OHV engine that has changed little over the years. With careful use, it is quite capable of achieving more than mpgand over it's comparatively long history the CG has earned itself as a reputation as a "bullet proof" machine. In Brazil and in the UK, it is easily the most widely used beginner motorcycle by training schools.
For almost 30 years, the Honda CG was a real success, recording impressive results on the naked motorcycle industry. The bike was equipped with an air cooled, four stroke, cc displacement engine able to develop 12 horsepower at rpm. From CycleChaos. Honda CG Manufacturer Honda. Categories : Naked motorcycles Honda motorcycles s motorcycles s motorcycles s motorcycles s motorcycles. Namespaces Page Discussion. Views Read Edit View history. This page was last edited on 23 Novemberat How can you argue with ten million commuters worldwide, still pootling to work in mucky overalls, some thirty years after the Honda CG was launched?
The Honda CG goes, it stops, it goes again the next day - simple as that. The Honda CG is the Spam of biking; a bit downmarket, stodgy and uninspiring, but ultimately does exactly what it says on the tin.
Simplistic, minimalist and easy to use, they are a doddle to work on and even easier to ride. More than a commuter, they are also an excellent beginner's bike - with chunky, robust controls and an easily managed dose of power.
The Honda CG is, in a word, bouncy. Especially if riden by a large lady in a tabard down to Netto. The basic suspension does the job and if you are on the hefty side, then jack up the preload on the Honda CG's shocks. Sitting upright with a thick, generously-padded seat beneath you and a basic set of clocks up front, there is nothing remotely threatening about Honda's dinky CG.
What's more, with a low seat and predictable springy handling, you can maximise the CG's potential in even the most congested of urban cityscapes - turning every journey into your own hilarious gymkhana course. Although not a problem for this 5ft6in tester, it is likely that the CG will feel cramped for a taller rider - sporting similar dimensions to a BMX bike, with a buzzing four-stroke single strapped into the frame for a laugh. The Honda CG motor plods on remarkably well, often with very little maintenance.
In fact you could probably run the thing on turnip juice for miles without it suffering engine failure. The later onwards Honda CGs have a vastly improved gearbox and slightly more power, but not much. Change the oil every to miles and it should return years of faithful motoring.
OK, you need to run your motorbike on distilled chicken dung. No problem, buy a Honda CG and it will probably get you home. Owners using their CG should also look for problems with rust, with wheels, exhaust and shocks being susceptible to corrosion.
CGs should have their engine oil changed every miles to keep things happy. The spring-loaded screen mesh oil filter also needs to be checked and cleaned if necessary. There is also a centrifugal oil filter on the end of the oil pump that should be cleaned periodically.
What's more, if you're ever stripping the clutch, you will need a Honda 'castellated locknut' socket to remove the centrifugal oil filter from the end of the crankshaft, otherwise you can't get the clutch basket off. You can make one up yourself using a spare 20mm socket. All you need is a hacksaw, a file and a sturdy vice or improvise with a G-clamp. On top of being easy to work on, the basic nature of a Honda CG makes it an ideal base bike for custom projects; with many now standing proudly as stripped-back low-capacity cafe racers.
If you're buying a project used, be sure to check all modifications have been done properly and safely. Likewise, as with any usedmany of these machines will have been first bikes and commuters, meaning maintenance could've taken a back seat. When buying, check everything as it should be. Brand new, the Honda CG was an expensive motorcycle, especially when you consider how long Honda had been making it, and how cheaply the exact same bike retails in developing markets. Chinese Honda CG rivals are quid cheaper, but lack Honda's dealer network or warranty back-up.
They are also far less commonplace than a Honda on the used market in the UK. A grand gets the electric start version. There are also plenty of projects available; from non-runners, to easy-finishers.
Parts are also very cheap and with such a long production run, readily available.It's an all-time great design, and extremely capable.
Motorcycle History 101: The Honda CG125 Had Budget-Friendly Reliability
This engine was very closely based on the earlier, hugely successful CB engine, with one obvious difference. The CB had an overhead cam design, with chain-driven camshaft, a very familiar setup for owners of Japanese motorcycles.
So why go backwards, to a pushrod design—surely that tech was best left to Harley-Davidson and its imitators? The answer: Honda wanted to build a bike that would run with minimal maintenance. Riders would simply bag on their Hondas without keeping on top of basic mechanical tasks. The C90 and other similar Cub-style step-throughs had proven the durability of a pushrod top end, so Honda combined that idea with the basic CB layout.
The CG debuted inand the engine saw various updates over the years. It went from a four-speed gearbox to a five-speed, and the 6-volt electrics were upgraded to a volt system. Honda added an electronic ignition, and eventually, electric start the original design was kickstart-only. At its basic, though, the engine was really the same throughout its production run. The CG was never a powerhouse—it made roughly 11 horsepower and 7 foot-pounds of torque—but it was enough to handle basic transportation in developing countries.
It also saw lots of use in Europe, where learner laws restricted riders to small-capacity motorcycles.
Aside from the engine, the rest of the bike saw several updates over the years. Honda dropped the fully-enclosed chain another low-maintenance feature for a sleeker chain guard, and changed out the front drum brake for a disc brake the rear drum brake was unchanged. The bodywork, the gauges—Honda slowly updated all that non-essential stuff over the years, but kept the basic powerplant mostly unchanged.
The formula worked, so why mess with it? Developing countries loved the bike, and it worked for beginners and delivery riders in more developed markets. They just plain worked. Much of the Chinese motorcycle boom of the s was based around the CG design. Chinese manufacturers took the CG and big-bored it to cc, or even bigger, using that engine to power bikes like the infamous Lifan GY-5 dual sport. Even the overbored Chinese knock-offs of the Honda design proved to be surprisingly tough.
Even the knock-off versions, stressed beyond the design limits and made with lower-quality materials and workmanship, have turned out to be reliable.
Sources: WikipediaCarole Nash. Home Articles News.
Honda CG125: review, history, specs
By : Zac Kurylyk. Honda's pushrod might be the toughest small-capacity bike of all time. Gear Review: Cardo Packtalk Black. Commenting Guidelines. Sign In or Sign Up. News Motorcycle History Antiques.CG stand for Cash Guarantee.
It was in production from to in Japan and has been in production since in Pakistan. The CG was originally manufactured in Japan, but the source for the European market was eventually moved to Brazil inand to Pakistan in and to Turkey for the W and M models. Except for a few cosmetic changes, the Pakistani version has remained exactly the same as the original s Japanese CG over the past years. Other variants, CG 'Dream' and CG 'Deluxe' with some extra features, such as a modernized styling, were later added.Custom Honda CG125 Scrambler by Scars Motorcycles
The later SE model has a 5 speed transmission instead of the original 4 speed, electric start. In Brazil, due to emission laws fromthe engine has been redesigned with an overhead camshaft bore and stroke also changed from Other manufacturers made overhead valve clones of the CG engine with same piston bore and stroke The CG was developed from the CB for developing countries' markets.
The two models were very similar, with many parts in common. One fault with many Honda OHC engines of that era generally denoted CBwas that they had a tendency to wear the camshaft bearings if oil changes were skipped. The CG engine was developed specifically to address this problem amongst others as Honda realised that riders in developing countries performed little or no preventative maintenance.
To make the bike more reliable with minimal servicing, the CG uses overhead valves OHV with pushrods, a washable foam air filter, and fully enclosed chain. The fully enclosed chain was dropped in This last change is one of the very few changes that sacrificed functionality longer chain life in favour of aesthetics.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file.Looking for a practical, economical motorcycle that performs well for day-to-day? The New Honda CG offers ideal technology and comfort for those looking for a model that meets their daily needs, so check out details such as the datasheet and the price of this release.
Speculation still points out that the New Honda CG will have refurbished headlights to reinforce the sporty style that the motorcycle takes on. The technical data of the new New Honda CG is updated information to present the news of this release. The expectation is that this sheet will be released with the official launch of CGbut while waiting to check some of the information already expected:. Capacities and Dimensions.
The new data sheet of the New Honda CG will be updated in our post as soon as disclosed, keep an eye! The consumption tests for the New Honda CG are of great importance to present the performance achieved by this release. We will update the New Honda CG consumer test result as soon as it is released.
The price of the new New Honda CG will be adjusted, but the percentage of increase that the price of the motorcycle will receive will not be disclosed. Now that we have checked details of the New Honda CG accompany more photos that we have selected for you remembering that our post will be updated with more information like the new price and the new data sheet as soon as more information is released:. Related Posts Honda.Gluten-free alcohol includes cider, wine, sherry, spirits, port and liqueurs, but remember that beer, lagers, stouts and ales contain varying amounts of gluten and are not suitable for a gluten-free diet.
Gluten-free beers are available in some supermarkets and restaurants, but make sure you only drink those that are labelled in this way. Even a tiny bit of gluten can be enough to cause symptoms for someone with coeliac disease, so make sure you minimise the risk of cross contamination with gluten-containing foods. Do this by washing down kitchen surfaces before use, using separate butters, spreads and jams to minimise the spread of crumbs and invest in some toaster bags to keep your gluten-free bread separate.
Instead, try making your own pasta sauces and gravies using cornflour, arrowroot or potato starch to thicken them for a gluten-free option.
Finding the right gluten-free substitute for your usual gluten-containing ingredients is a matter of personal taste, so spend time in the kitchen getting used to gluten-free flours and baking aids. Once diagnosed with coeliac disease, you can start to make positive changes to your diet to improve your health. Join Coeliac UK for support to help you adjust, which includes a Food and Drink Directory listing products to help you get started in the kitchen.
Coeliac UK is the national charity for people with coeliac disease and dermatitis herpetiformis (DH) and offers help, advice and support. Find out more about the work we do at coeliac. This article was last reviewed on 26th March 2015 by nutritional therapist Kerry Torrens. Do you have coeliac disease or suspect you may have a gluten intolerance.
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Remember lots of foods are naturally gluten-freeFresh fruit and vegetables, meat, poultry, fish, cheese and eggs are naturally gluten-free, so use these as the basis to your meals. Enjoy naturally gluten-free grains and cereals. Know which alcohol to avoidGluten-free alcohol includes cider, wine, sherry, spirits, port and liqueurs, but remember that beer, lagers, stouts and ales contain varying amounts of gluten and are not suitable for a gluten-free diet.
Be aware of cross contaminationEven a tiny bit of gluten can be enough to cause symptoms for someone with coeliac disease, so make sure you minimise the risk of cross contamination with gluten-containing foods. Experiment in the kitchenFinding the right gluten-free substitute for your usual gluten-containing ingredients is a matter of personal taste, so spend time in the kitchen getting used to gluten-free flours and baking aids.
Remember, gluten-free meals can be just as delicious and healthy tooOnce diagnosed with coeliac disease, you can start to make positive changes to your diet to improve your health. Sign in or create your My Good Food account to join the discussion.Macro Variables and the Components of Stock ReturnsArticleMar 2015J Empir FinanceViewShow abstract. Bulmash and Trivoli (1991) felt that long-term unemployment was related to capital market activity.
Bai (2008) found that unemployment had 1. Regime Switching Allocation PoliciesArticleDec 2017Kevin C KaufholdView. Backward induction used with dynamic programming could be used to determine optimal allocations. Bai (2008) felt that considerations of utility would produces a strong cyclical pattern: reduced investment in risky stocks at the beginning of recession and increased investment at the end of recession.
Allocations based on relative risk aversion showed a time-varying pattern across the business cycle. Forecasting is restricted to short term investment because most of the investors aim to gain profit in short period of time.
This study focusses on small sized companies because the asset prices are lower, hence the asset are affordable for all level of investors. These expectations are updated on the basis of regularly occurring surprises in macroeconomic announcement data. The response of asset prices to positive or negative announcement surprises has been a regular feature of the literature for more than 20 years.
These articles suggest that these managers prefer pessimistic. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable. This publication is from a journal that may support self archiving.
Here is the evidence that it can help predict short-run rates and that investors who ignore it and use random walk models may be leaving money on the table. Exchange rates are important to innumerable economic activities. Tourists care about the value of their home currency abroad. Investors care about the effect of exchange rate fluctuations on their international portfolios. Central banks care about the value of their international reserves and open positions in foreign currency as well as about the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on their inflation objectives.
Governments care about the prices of exports and imports and the domestic currency value of debt payments. No surprise then that forecasting exchange rates has long been at the top of the research agenda in international finance.
Still, most of this literature is characterised by empirical failure. Starting with the seminal contribution of Meese and Rogoff (1983), a vast body of empirical research finds that models which are based on economic fundamentals cannot outperform a naive random walk model (i.
In academic jargon, exchange rates are thought to follow a random walk.